Main Article Content


The urgent need to respond to the Covid crisis has provided the impetus for the implementation of modular distance learning in the Philippines. Hence, this study is one of the very few studies which sought to investigate the modular distance learning in the country, particularly the challenges it brought to the English language learners.  Also, this present research aimed to determine the coping mechanisms of students, relevant to the challenges raised. The participants of the study were senior high school students, two males andsixfemales, who were purposely selected to fit into the inclusion criteria. Descriptive qualitative research design was employed and individual in-depth interviews were conducted to gather the data.  The responses were transcribed, translated, and analyzed through thematic analysis. With regards the challenges, these themes were created: absence of teacher’s instruction, struggles of self-learning, poor picture quality, limited contents of the module, insufficient allotted time, failure of teachers to respond to inquiries, unstable and limited access to internet, students lack of vocabulary and grammatical knowledge, and less opportunity for correction. The paper ends with the discussion on how the students addressed the challenges of modular distance learning which was also subdivided into themes. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Francisco, W. S., & Alieto, E. O. (2022). Language Learning in Modular Set-Up: Challenges and Coping Mechanisms of Secondary Students. Basic and Applied Education Research Journal, 3(1), 41-55.


Abukhadrah, Q. (2015). The difficulties of learning Eng-lish as perceived by a group of international stu-dents: a case study. International Journal of Eng-lish Language Teaching, 3 (8), 40-48.
Anyiendah, M. S. (2017). Challenges faced by teachers when teaching English in public primary schools in Kenya. Frontiers in Education, 2(13), 1-3.
Apriyanti, C. (2020). The parents role in guiding distance learning and the obstacle during covid-19outbreak. JurnalIlmiah Pendidikan Dasar, 7(2), 68-83.
Bayod, R., &Bayod, C. M. (2020). Laying the ground-works for education of children in the new normal: The case of DepEd in Southern Mindanao. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, 30(8), 443-449.
Conford, I. (1997). Ensuring effective learning from modular courses: A cognitive psychology-skill learning perspective. Journal of Vocational Educa-tion and Training, 49(2), 237-251.
Dangle, Y. &Sumaoang, J. (2020). The implementation of modular distance learning in the Philippine sec-ondary public schools. International Conference on Advance Research in Teaching and Education, Dub-lin, Ireland.
Fidalgo, P., Thormann, J., Kulyk, O., &Lencastre, J. A. (2020). Student’s perceptions on distance educa-tion: A multinational study. International journal of educational Technology in Higher Education, 17 (18), 1-18
Fuller, M., Holzweiss, P., & Joyner, S. (2015). The im-portance of peer connections in distance educa-tion. International Journal of Instructional Tech-nology and Distance Learning, 12(2), 15-22.
Huang, D. F. (2015). Exploring and assessing effective-ness of English medium instruction courses: the students’ perspectives. Procedia-Social and Behav-ioral Sciences, 173, 71-78.
Labrado, M. G., Labrado, I. P., Rosal, E., Layasan, A., & Salazar, E. (2020). Initial implementation of print-ed modular distance learning in the city of Naga-Cebu during covid-19 pandemic. International Journal of Current Research, 12 (10), 14397-14402.
Perraton, H. (2008). Open and distance learning in the developing world. New York: Routledge.
Qu, S. & Dumay, J. (2011). The qualitative research inter-view. Qualitative Research in Accounting and Man-agement, 8(3), 238-264.
Sadeghi, M. (2019). A shift from classroom to distance learning: Advantages and limitations. Internation-al Journal of Research in English Education, 4 (1), 80-88.
Speziale, H. J. S., & Carpenter, D. R. (2007). Qualitative research in nursing: advancing the humanistic im-perative (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Wil-liams & Wilkins.
Suter, N. (2012). Introduction to educational research: A critical thinking approach, 2nd Ed. Sage Publica-tions, Inc.
Venter, K. (2003). Coping with isolation: The role of cul-ture in adult distance learners' use of surrogates. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 18(3), 271-287.